Periodontal disease – or gum disease – is a progressive condition that impacts the tissues supporting and surrounding your teeth, including your gums and jawbone. When left untreated or without proper general dentistry, it results in unstable teeth, the loss of teeth, and other problems.
Periodontal disease starts when toxins in plaque attack your gums and related soft tissue; resulting in a bacterial infection. As the infection worsens, it burrows deep into the gums, leading to irritation and inflammation between your gums and teeth. Your body will respond by trying to destroy the infection, which results in the unseemly side effect of recessed gums.
Treatment for Periodontitis
Our dentist will need to determine the right periodontal treatment for you depending on the severity and type of disease present, so scheduling an appointment early on is crucial.
If the disease is caught in its early gingivitis stage, one or two cleaning procedures are recommended as the first course of action. You’ll also get special instructions from your Salt Run Family Dentistry dentist about how to do a better job with daily oral hygiene and we’ll encourage you to visit the dentist regularly to keep the disease under control.
Deep Cleaning, Scaling, and Root Planning
When the periodontal disease has reached a more advanced stage, a deep cleaning called scaling and root planing will likely to be recommended. This will typically be done under local anesthetic to one quadrant of the mouth at a time.
During the procedure, plaque, tartar, and related toxins are removed both above and below the gum line and rough places on root surfaces are smoothed off so gums will adhere properly. As your gum tissue heals, pockets decrease in size and your periodontal disease is hopefully reduced or eliminated. Medications including special mouthwashes and an electric toothbrush are recommended in many cases to help with controlling the infection and aiding in healing.
If your pockets fail to heal after the root planing and scaling procedure, surgery will likely be the next step to reduce the depth of pockets so your teeth can be cleaned easier and more effectively. Your dentist may also suggest seeing a periodontist, a special kind of dentist who works specifically on gums and the bone underneath them.
Contact Salt Run Family Dentistry today to schedule an appointment for periodontal therapy.